As a weightlifter begins his hoist, it looks like he is going to jump. He puts his weight on the outside edges of his feet directly under his hips. Pushing aggressively and quickly against the ground with his feet, he lifts the weight by transferring force from the ground to the barbell through a hip extension. Actually, his feet lift just enough to slide outwards. After the lift, he lands in a squat. Part of his training involves ‘taking off’ from and landing in the same place until it is muscle memory.
If a weightlifter doesn’t get his feet right, he won’t get his lift right. He must position his grip on the barbell so that he is lifting over his ‘centre of balance’. He can’t be too far forward or too far behind. His trainer would have made references to the laws of physics that determine his body’s area of balance. The area changes depending on the type of lift. (1)
In the ‘Snatch’, a single overhead lift movement, the bar is horizontal to his feet. As he drives the bar upwards, it stays over the rear of his heel bone and the front of the balls of his feet. That’s his area of balance.
The ‘Clean’ and the ‘Jerk’ are lifts with two sequential movements. In the variation called ‘Split Jerk’, there is initially a jump and then a lunge or ‘split’. In the jump, he centers his pressure on the balls of his feet and drives the barbell upwards. Keeping the ‘jerk’ overhead in the ‘split’ requires appropriate foot action. His rear foot strikes the floor first gaining traction, followed immediately by his front foot. His body moves forward and ends up directly under the bar. His area of balance goes from the balls of his feet on one leg to his toe of the other leg.
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Everyone who competes in the games goes into strict training. They do it to get a crown that will not last, but we do it to get a crown that will last forever. 1 Corinthians 9:25 (NIV)
TRAINING – COMPETITION – PODIUM